Um erreichen die Medici, was sie immer ersehnt haben: eine sichere fürstliche Mit Großherzog Cosimo I. gehört die Familie bald. Cosimo I de' Medici. Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici, ein Spross aus der Kernfamilie, steht nun vor der schwierigen Cosimo de' Medici, auch "Il Vecchio" ("der Ältere") genannt, ist ein. Cosimo gilt als der erste Medici, der die Dynastie der Medici zu ihrer Florenz beherrschenden Stellung hat aufleben lassen. Bereits sein Vater Giovanni di Bicci. <
Die MediciCosimo de' Medici il vecchio (–) als verhüllter. Herrscher in Fazetien und Viten Florentiner Autoren. Der Florentiner Buchhändler Vespasiano da. Um erreichen die Medici, was sie immer ersehnt haben: eine sichere fürstliche Mit Großherzog Cosimo I. gehört die Familie bald. Cosimo I de' Medici. Cosimo gilt als der erste Medici, der die Dynastie der Medici zu ihrer Florenz beherrschenden Stellung hat aufleben lassen. Bereits sein Vater Giovanni di Bicci.
Cosimo De Medici Menu de navigation VideoCosimo de' Medici: transformation of a republic Photograph size: 8x10 inches | Ready to frame in any standard size frame | Frame Not Included | Archival Quality Reproduction | Photograph Description: Cosimo I, de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Date Created Summary: Half lgth., facing left. Facts about Cosimo de Medici 7: the fortune. Cosimo could control the political system in Florence and sponsored different kinds of artistic achievement for he used around , gold florins from his wealth. Facts about Cosimo de Medici 8: the power of de Medici. De Medici was a very powerful man in Florence. Cosimo also supported the continuation of Brunelleschi’s work on the Old Sacristy of San Lorenzo, where he initially acted as joint patron with his brother, Lorenzo de’ Medici, and for which Donatello produced the twin pairs of bronze doors, the lunettes above them and eight roundels on the walls and pendentives showing the Four Evangelists. Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June – 21 April ) was the second Duke of Florence from until , when he became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, a title he held until his death. Contents 1 Life. Cosimo I, second duke of Florence (–74) and first grand duke of Tuscany (–74). Cosimo was the great-great-grandson of Lorenzo the Elder, the son of Giovanni di Bicci and brother of Cosimo the Elder, and was thus a member of a branch of the Medici family that had taken an active part in.
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As for Cosimo, he assiduously attended the lectures delivered by the Greek scholars, and at the age of 50 he became an ardent admirer of Plato.
At the same time the University of Florence , with conspicuous success, resumed the teaching of Greek, which had been unknown in the West for years.
Thus Cosimo was one of the mainsprings of Humanism. In Cosimo prematurely lost his brother, who had been his staunchest supporter. In he had to face the loss of his most gifted son, Giovanni, thus leaving the succession to Piero, born in , who was sickly and almost constantly bedridden.
The following year, the signoria conferred upon him the deserved title of Pater Patriae Father of His Country.
Cosimo de' Medici Article Media Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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La discendenza di Cosimo e Eleonora, sebbene numerosa, non fu certo toccata dalla fortuna, a causa della tubercolosi a Firenze , che richiedeva spesso soggiorni nelle zone costiere, dove invece era presente la malaria.
Con Camilla Martelli , moglie morganatica , ebbe una figlia:. Da una donna rimasta ignota ebbe, prima del matrimonio con Eleonora di Toledo , una figlia:.
Da Eleonora degli Albizi ha avuto un figlio:. Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Disambiguazione — Se stai cercando altri omonimi, vedi Cosimo de' Medici disambigua.
Cosimo I Bia naturale Maria Francesco I Isabella Giovanni Lucrezia Pietro Pedricco Garzia Ferdinando I Anna Pietro Giovanni Virginia.
Francesco I Eleonora Anna Lucrezia Maria Antonio Filippo. Ferdinando I Cosimo II Eleonora Caterina Francesco Carlo Filippino Lorenzo Maria Maddalena Claudia.
Cosimo II Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Disambiguazione — Se stai cercando altri omonimi, vedi Cosimo de' Medici disambigua.
Cosimo il Vecchio Piero Giovanni Carlo. Piero il Gottoso Maria Bianca Nannina Lorenzo Giuliano Giovanni. Lorenzo il Magnifico Lucrezia Piero Maddalena Giovanni Luisa Contessina Giuliano.
Piero il Fatuo Lorenzo Clarice. Giovanni - Leone X Giuliano Ippolito naturale. Lorenzo Giulio, Clemente VII Cosimo next turned his attention to Siena.
With the support of Charles V, he defeated the Sienese at the Battle of Marciano in and laid siege to their city. Despite the inhabitants' desperate resistance, the city fell on 17 April after a month siege, its population diminished from forty thousand to eight thousand.
In , Montalcino , the last redoubt of Sienese independence, was annexed to Cosimo's territories. In , Pope Pius V elevated him to the rank of Grand Duke of Tuscany.
In the last 10 years of his reign, struck by the death of two of his sons by malaria , Cosimo gave up active rule of the Florentine state to his son and successor Francesco I.
He retreated to live in his villa, the Villa di Castello , outside Florence. Cosimo was an authoritarian ruler and secured his position by employing a guard of Swiss mercenaries.
In , he managed to have his relative Lorenzino , the last Medici claimant to Florence who had earlier arranged the assassination of Cosimo's predecessor Alessandro, assassinated himself in Venice.
Examples include the new fortresses of Siena, Arezzo , Sansepolcro , the new walls of Pisa and Fivizzano and the strongholds of Portoferraio on the island of Elba and Terra del Sole.
He laid heavy tax burdens on his subjects. Despite his economic difficulties, Cosimo was a lavish patron of the arts and also developed the Florentine navy, which eventually took part in the Battle of Lepanto , and which he entrusted to his new creation, the Knights of St.
Cosimo is perhaps best known today for the creation of the Uffizi "offices". They were decorated with fountains, a labyrinth , a grotto and ingenious ornamental water features, and were a prototype for the Italian Renaissance garden.
They had a profound influence on later Italian and French gardens through the eighteenth century. Cosimo also finished the Pitti Palace as a home for the Medici and created the magnificent Boboli Gardens behind the Pitti.
As his more prominent ancestors had been, he was also an important patron of the arts, supporting, among others, Giorgio Vasari , Benvenuto Cellini , Pontormo , Bronzino , the architect Baldassarre Lanci , and the historians Scipione Ammirato and Benedetto Varchi.
A large bronze equestrian statue of Cosimo I by Giambologna , erected in , still stands today in the Piazza della Signoria , the main square of Florence.
Cosimo was also an enthusiast of alchemy , a passion he inherited from his grandmother Caterina Sforza. The couple had a long and peaceful married life.
Surprisingly for the era, Cosimo was faithful to his wife throughout their married life. The example of a traditional couple served to strengthen his various reforms and separate their association with the former Duke.
Eleanor was a political adviser to her husband and often ruled Florence in his absence. She provided the Medici with the Pitti Palace and was a patron of the new Jesuit order.
The Duchess died with her sons Giovanni and Garzia in , when she was only forty; all three of them were struck down by malaria while traveling to Pisa.
He then endowed the library with precious manuscripts. In he was recalled from exile and became the unofficial ruler of Florence until his death.
The republican form of government was maintained, but Pius II commented that Cosimo lacked only the title and pomp of royalty. The Council was attended by such scholars as Gemistos Pletho, who stimulated a profound interest in Platonic philosophy.
Cosimo later founded the Platonic Academy, which, under the guidance of Marsilio Ficino became the centre of humanist thought.
He awarded the commission to Michelozzo. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Philadelphia: Nottingham Society.
On his death in at Careggi , Cosimo was succeeded by his son Piero, father of Lorenzo the Magnificent. After Cosimo's death, the Signoria awarded him the title Pater Patriae , "Father of the Fatherland", an honor once awarded to Cicero , and had it carved upon his tomb in the Church of San Lorenzo.
Cosimo de' Medici used his vast fortune to control the Florentine political system and to sponsor orators, poets and philosophers,  as well as a series of artistic accomplishments.
Cosimo was also noted for his patronage of culture and the arts during the Renaissance and spent the family fortune liberally to enrich the civic life of Florence.
According to Salviati 's Zibaldone , Cosimo stated: "All those things have given me the greatest satisfaction and contentment because they are not only for the honor of God but are likewise for my own remembrance.
For fifty years, I have done nothing else but earn money and spend money; and it became clear that spending money gives me greater pleasure than earning it.
Cosimo hired the young Michelozzo Michelozzi to create what is today perhaps the prototypical Florentine palazzo , the austere and magnificent Palazzo Medici.
The building still includes, as its only 15th-century interior that is largely intact, the Magi Chapel frescoed by Benozzo Gozzoli , completed in with portraits of members of the Medici family parading through Tuscany in the guise of the Three Wise Men.
He was a patron and confidante of Fra Angelico , Fra Filippo Lippi , and Donatello , whose famed David and Judith Slaying Holofernes were Medici commissions.
His patronage enabled the eccentric and bankrupt architect Brunelleschi to complete the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore the " Duomo " in Francesco Guicciardini.
The History of Italy. Translated by Sidney Alexander. Princeton, N. In , Cosimo de' Medici founded the first public library in Florence, at San Marco , which was of central importance to the humanist movement in Florence during the Renaissance.
It was designed by Michelozzo , a student of Lorenzo Ghiberti who later collaborated with Donatello and was also a good friend and patron to Cosimo.
Cosimo contributed the funds necessary to repair the library and provide it with a book collection, which people were allowed to use at no charge.
He hand-selected those individuals who were given access to this laboratory of learning, and, through this social dynamic, he actively shaped the politics of the Republic.
His first library, however, was designed by Michelozzo while the two were in Venice, where Cosimo had been temporarily exiled. In , in gratitude for the hospitality of that city, he left it as a gift, his only such work outside Florence.
Cosimo had grown up with only three books, but by the time he was thirty, his collection had grown to 70 volumes.
After being introduced to humanism by a group of literati who had asked for his help in preserving books, he grew to love the movement and gladly sponsored the effort to renew Greek and Roman civilization through literature, for which book collecting was a central activity.
He financed trips to nearly every European town as well as to Syria, Egypt, and Greece organized by Poggio Bracciolini , his chief book scout.
In the realm of philosophy, Cosimo, influenced by the lectures of Gemistus Plethon , supported Marsilio Ficino and his attempts at reviving Neo-Platonism.
Cosimo certainly had an influence on Renaissance intellectual life, but it was Lorenzo who would later be deemed to have been the greatest patron.
The first part, The Exile of Cosimo , and the second part, The Power of Cosimo , focus on Cosimo's political struggles and on his patronage of the arts and sciences in Florence.
Cosimo is portrayed by Italian actor Marcello Di Falco. Frank Spotnitz 's eight-part television series Medici: Masters of Florence depicts the rise of the powerful banking family after the death of Giovanni played by Dustin Hoffman , as his son Cosimo Richard Madden takes over as head of the family.
The sixteen-part sequel, Medici , follows the career of Cosimo's grandson, Lorenzo the Magnificent Daniel Sharman. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.New Haven: Yale University Press, Cosimo Was Ist Sqirten has been accused of destroying Florentine liberties; but Daimidaler ancient liberties, more of an illusion than a reality, had already ceased to exist in the Florence of the Albizzi. Archived from the original on 27 September Then the public always recognized Rock Punk as an ambassador.